منتدى Rehabilitation Team

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إدارة المنتدى: عامر صدقة
منتدى Rehabilitation Team

    Activities of daily living

    شاطر
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    black ice
    عضو فعال
    عضو فعال

    ذكر عدد الرسائل : 74
    العمر : 29
    تاريخ التسجيل : 09/07/2008

    Activities of daily living

    مُساهمة من طرف black ice في الأربعاء سبتمبر 24, 2008 10:43 am


    Activities of daily living

    Activities of daily living (ADLs) are the things we normally do in daily living including any daily activity we perform for self-care (such as feeding ourselves, bathing, dressing, grooming), work, homemaking, and leisure
    Health professionals routinely refer to the ability or inability to perform ADLs as a measurement of the functional status of a person. This measurement is useful for assessing the elderly, the mentally ill, those with chronic diseases, and others, in order to evaluate what type of health care services an individual may need. There are several evaluation tools, such as the Katz ADL scale and the Lawton IADL scale
    Most models of health care service use ADL evaluations in their practice, including the medical (or institutional) models, such as the Roper-Logan-Tierney model of nursing, and resident-centered models, such as the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly(PACE)In the US, most medical insurance policies will not cover assistance with performing ADLs, whereas such assistance is often covered by policies specific to long-term care
    Basic ADLs
    The basic activities of daily living consist of these self-care tasks

    Bathing

    Dressing and undressing

    Eating


    Transferring from bed to chair, and back

    Voluntarily control urinary and fecal discharge

    Using the toilet
    Walking not bedridden

    Instrumental ADLs

    Instrumental activities of daily living are not necessary for fundamental functioning, but enable the individual to live independently within a community

    Light housework

    Preparing meals

    Taking medications

    Shopping for groceries or clothes

    Using the telephone

    Managing money

    Occupational therapists also evaluate IADLs when completing patient assessments. These include 11 areas of IADLs that are generally optional in nature, and can be delegated to others
    Care of others (including selecting and supervising caregivers

    Care of pets

    Child rearing

    Communication device use

    Community mobility


    Financial management

    Health management and maintenance

    Meal preparation and cleanup

    Safety procedures and emergency responses

    Shopping




    References

    MedicineNet.com Medical Dictionary
    "Activities of Daily Living Evaluation." Encyclopedia of Nursing & Allied Health. Ed. Kristine Krapp. Gale Group, Inc., 2002. eNotes.com. 2006.

    Enotes Nursing EncyclopediaAccessed on: 11 Oct, 2007
    McDowell, I., and Newell, C. (1996). Measuring Health: A Guide to Rating Scales and Questionnaires, 2nd edition. New York: Oxford University Press

    Bookman, A., Harrington, M., Pass, L., & Reisner, E. (2007). Family Caregiver Handbook. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Occupational therapy practice framework: Domain and process. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 56, 609-637

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو السبت نوفمبر 25, 2017 2:03 am