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منتدى Rehabilitation Team

    Fibromyalgia

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    ايمان عبابنة
    عضو متألق
    عضو متألق

    انثى عدد الرسائل : 155
    العمر : 31
    تاريخ التسجيل : 13/07/2008

    Fibromyalgia

    مُساهمة من طرف ايمان عبابنة في الإثنين يوليو 14, 2008 9:30 am

    Fibromyalgia is a chronic musculoskeletal syndrome characterized by pain, achiness, tenderness, and stiffness in the muscle tissue, ligaments, and tendons. It most frequently affects the neck, shoulders, chest, legs, and lower back. Pain is generally accompanied by sleep disorders, fatigue, gastrointestinal disorders, and depression. Many of its symptoms are similar to those of chronic fatigue syndrome, myofascial pain syndrome, and temporomandibular joint syndrome (TMJ).

    Incidence and Prevalence

    It is estimated that 6 to 8 million people in the United States suffer from fibromyalgia. About 80% of patients are women. While fibromyalgia can occur at any age, the highest incidence occurs among women 20 to 40 years of age.

    There have been reports of fibromyalgia in children. What may be considered "growing pains" might in fact be fibromyalgia, especially if the child complains of having difficulty sleeping.

    Risk Factors

    Risk factors for fibromyalgia include the following:

    Age (more common in young adults)
    Gender (more common in women than men)
    Genetic (familial patterns suggest the disorder may be inherited)
    Sleep disorders (whether sleep difficulties are a cause or a result of fibromyalgia is unknown)

    Causes

    Causes of fibromyalgia are not known. The condition produces vague symptoms that may be associated with diminished blood flow to certain parts of the brain and increased amounts of substance P, which is thought to be a sensory neurotransmitter involved in the communication of pain, touch, and temperature from the body to the brain. Researchers have identified several other possible causes, including the following:

    Autonomic nervous system dysfunction
    Chronic sleep disorders
    Emotional stress or trauma
    Immune or endocrine system dysfunction
    Upper spinal cord injury
    Viral or bacterial infection

    Signs and Symptoms

    While the symptoms of fibromyalgia can be debilitating, they are not life threatening. Symptoms vary, depending on stress level, physical activity, time of day, and the weather. Pain is the primary symptom, found in virtually 100% of cases—specifically, pain and tenderness in certain areas of the body when pressure is applied to them. These areas, which sometimes are called tender points, include:

    Back of the head
    Elbows
    Hips
    Knees
    Neck
    Upper back
    Upper chest
    Pain may be aching, burning, throbbing, or move around the body (migratory). Many patients also experience muscle tightness, soreness, and spasms. The patient may be unable to carry out normal daily activities, even though muscle strength is not affected. The pain is often worse in the morning, improves throughout the day, and worsens at night.

    Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition and symptoms may be constant or intermittent for years or even a lifetime. Other common symptoms of fibromyalgia include:

    Sleep disorders (e.g., restless leg syndrome, sleep apnea)
    Gastrointestinal (e.g., abdominal pain, bloating, gas, cramps, alternating diarrhea and constipation)
    Numbness or tingling sensations
    Chronic headaches (may include facial and jaw pain)
    Heightened sensitivity to odors, loud noises, bright lights, various foods, medicines, and changes in weather
    Painful menstrual periods (dysmenorrhea) and painful sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)
    Frequent urination, strong urge to urinate, and painful urination (dysuria)
    Rapid or irregular heart rate, and shortness of breath
    Sensation of swelling (edema) in the hands and feet, even though swelling is not present

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2018 3:07 pm