منتدى Rehabilitation Team

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إدارة المنتدى: عامر صدقة
منتدى Rehabilitation Team

    carpal tunnel syndrome

    شاطر

    Mansour Nasraween
    عضو مشارك
    عضو مشارك

    ذكر عدد الرسائل : 24
    العمر : 30
    تاريخ التسجيل : 09/07/2008

    carpal tunnel syndrome

    مُساهمة من طرف Mansour Nasraween في الأحد يوليو 27, 2008 8:45 pm

    What is carpal tunnel syndrome?
    Carpus is a word derived from the Greek word "karpos" which means "wrist." The wrist is surrounded by a band of fibrous tissue that normally functions as a support for the joint. The tight space between this fibrous band and the wrist bone is called the carpal tunnel. The median nerve passes through the carpal tunnel to receive sensations from the thumb, index, and middle fingers of the hand. Any condition that causes swelling or a change in position of the tissue within the carpal tunnel can squeeze and irritate the median nerve. Irritation of the median nerve in this manner causes tingling and numbness of the thumb, index, and the middle fingers, a condition known as "carpal tunnel syndrome."
    How does a patient with carpal tunnel syndrome feel?
    Patients with carpal tunnel syndrome initially feel numbness and tingling of the hand in the distribution of the median nerve (the thumb, index, middle, and part of the fourth fingers). These sensations are often more pronounced at night and can awaken patients from sleep. The reason symptoms are worse at night may be related to the flexed-wrist sleeping position and/or fluid accumulating around the wrist and hand while lying flat. Carpal tunnel syndrome may be a temporary condition that completely resolves or it can persist and progress.

    As the disease progresses, patients can develop a burning sensation, cramping and weakness of the hand. Decreased grip strength can lead to frequent dropping of objects from the hand. Occasionally, sharp shooting pains can be felt in the forearm. Chronic carpal tunnel syndrome can also lead to wasting (atrophy) of the hand muscles, particularly those near the base of the thumb in the palm of the hand.
    How is carpal tunnel syndrome diagnosed?
    The diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome is suspected based on the symptoms and the distribution of the hand numbness. Examination of the neck, shoulder, elbow, pulses, and reflexes can be performed to exclude other conditions that can mimic carpal tunnel syndrome. The wrist can be examined for swelling, warmth, tenderness, deformity, and discoloration. Sometimes tapping the front of the wrist can reproduce tingling of the hand, and is referred to as Tinel's sign of carpal tunnel syndrome. Symptoms can also at times be reproduced by the examiner by bending the wrist forward (referred to as Phalen's maneuver).
    The diagnosis is strongly suggested when a nerve conduction velocity test is abnormal. This test involves measuring the rate of speed of electrical impulses as they travel down a nerve. In carpal tunnel syndrome, the impulse slows as it crosses through the carpal tunnel. A test of muscles of the extremity, electromyogram (EMG), is sometimes performed to exclude or detect other conditions that might mimic carpal tunnel syndrome.
    Blood tests may be performed to identify medical conditions associated with carpal tunnel syndrome. These tests include thyroid hormone levels, complete blood counts, and blood sugar and protein analysis. X-ray tests of the wrist and hand might also be helpful.
    How is carpal tunnel syndrome treated?
    The choice of treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome depends on the severity of the symptoms and any underlying disease that might be causing the symptoms.
    Initial treatment usually includes rest, immobilization of the wrist in a splint, and occasionally ice application. Patients whose occupations are aggravating the symptoms should modify their activities. For example, computer keyboards and chair height may need to be adjusted to optimize comfort. These measures, as well as periodic resting and range of motion stretching exercise of the wrists can actually prevent the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome that are caused by repetitive overuse. Underlying conditions or diseases are treated individually. Fractures can require orthopedic management. Obese individuals will be advised regarding weight reduction. Rheumatoid disease is treated with measures directed against the underlying arthritis. Wrist swelling that can be associated with pregnancy resolves in time after delivery of the baby!
    Several types of medications have been used in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) has been reported to relieve some symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, although it is not known how this medication works. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can also be helpful in decreasing inflammation and reducing pain. Side effects include gastrointestinal upset and even ulceration of the stomach. These medications should be taken with food and abdominal symptoms should be reported to the doctor. Corticosteroids can be given by mouth or injected directly into the involved wrist joint. They can bring rapid relief of the persistent symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Side effects of these medications when given in short courses for carpal tunnel syndrome are minimal. However, corticosteroids can aggravate diabetes and should be avoided in the presence of infections.
    Most patients with carpal tunnel syndrome improve with conservative measures and medications. Occasionally, chronic pressure on the median nerve can result in persistent numbness and weakness. In order to avoid serious and permanent nerve and muscle consequences of carpal tunnel syndrome, surgical treatment is considered. Surgery involves severing the band of tissue around the wrist to reduce pressure on the median nerve. This surgical procedure is called "carpal tunnel release." It can now be performed with a small diameter viewing tube, called an arthroscope, or by open wrist procedure. After carpal tunnel release, patients often undergo exercise rehabilitation. Though it is uncommon, symptoms can recur.
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome At A Glance
    Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by irritation of the median nerve at the wrist.
    Any condition that exerts pressure on the median nerve can cause carpal tunnel syndrome.
    Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome include numbness and tingling of the hand.
    Diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome is suspected based on symptoms, supported by physical examination signs, and confirmed by nerve conduction testing.
    Treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome depends on the severity of symptoms and the underlying cause.
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    Monsef Sadaqah
    المراقب العام
    المراقب العام

    ذكر عدد الرسائل : 75
    العمر : 28
    تاريخ التسجيل : 13/07/2008

    carpal tunnle syndrome

    مُساهمة من طرف Monsef Sadaqah في الجمعة سبتمبر 26, 2008 2:35 pm

    التشريح
    يمر العصب الاوسط في نفق عند الرسغ وهذ النفق يتكون من عظام في جهاتة الثلاثة ورباط قوي يمر عرضيا ليتمم النفق انظر الشكل. وبسبب زيادة في حجم مكونات النفق اونقص في حجم النفق ينتج زيادة في الضغط على العصب والذي ينتج عنه الاعراض المعروفة للمرض.

    الاعراض
    تبدأ الاعراض كألم عند الرسغ وقد يشكو المريض من تنميل في الاصابع (الابهام والسبابة والوسطى) وتكون هذة الاعراض أكثر في الليل وقد يجد المريض فائدة من هز اليد مرات عديدة والذي يؤدي إلى تحسن في الاعراض. وعند استمرار الحال يجد المريض صعوبة في ان يمسك الاشياءوقد تسقط من يدة بدون القدرة على التمسك بها.

    التشخيص
    من اخذ تاريخ المرض وفحص المريض يتوصل الطبيب في معظم الحالات إلى التشخيص وقد يحتاج الطبيب إلى عمل بعض الفحوصات للتأكد من التشخيص مثل: أ‌- Phalen’s test :وهو وضع الرسغ في حالة انقباض قوي لمدة دقيقتين وينظر الطبيب اذا تظهر عند المريض علامات تنميل في الاصابع عندها يكون الفحص موجب والا فهو سالب.

    ب‌- Tinel’s sign : وهو يكون بطرق الطبيب على منطقة العصب الاوسط ضربات متتالية ويسأل المريض ان كان يحس بشعور مرور مثل تيار كهربائي في المنطقة ام لا .

    العلاج
    لان السبب الحقيقي لهذة المتلازمة غير معروف فعلية فان العلاج غير محدد. ويمكن ان يكون باحد الطرق التالية التي قد تساعد المريض ، لكن يبقى العلاج الجراحي هو الحل الذي يعطي احسن النتائج. أ‌- استعمال سناد :وهو ضاغط يلف حول الرسغ لاسناد والتقليل من الحركة وعلية فهو يعطي بعض الراحة للمنطقة وقد يساعد في تقليل الاعراض. ب‌- العلاج الطبيعي مثل المساج للمنطقة والموجات الصوتية وطرق اخرى. ت‌- اعطاء حقنة كورتزون في المنطقة قد تساعد لفترة قصيرة . ث‌- اعطاء الطبيب لمضادات الالتهاب مثل البروفين . ج‌- الجراحة وهي الحل النهائي والذي يعطي احسن النتائج ،حيث ان الوتر المسبب للتضيق يقص للتوسيع النفق ورفع سبب التضيق .

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الثلاثاء يونيو 19, 2018 8:52 am