منتدى Rehabilitation Team

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إدارة المنتدى: عامر صدقة
منتدى Rehabilitation Team

    Scoliosis

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    amer_sadaqah
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    ذكر عدد الرسائل : 225
    العمر : 31
    تاريخ التسجيل : 09/07/2008

    Scoliosis

    مُساهمة من طرف amer_sadaqah في الخميس يوليو 17, 2008 10:58 am


    Scoliosis is a lateral (away from the middle) or sideways curvature of the spine. Routine scoliosis screening is done in junior high school/middle school, and many early cases are detected that previously would have gone unrecognized until they were more advanced.




    There are four natural curves in the spinal column: the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral curvatures. The curves, along with the intervertebral disks, help to absorb and distribute stresses that occur from everyday activities, such as walking, and from more intense activities, such as running and jumping.



    Lateral curvature of the spine, scoliosis, is a relatively common condition. The majority of individuals with scoliosis do not require surgery or braces because their condition is self-limiting. Progressive scoliosis, however, requires therapy. The "S" shaped curve is usually more apparent on an X-ray


    The forward bend test is a test used most often in schools and doctor's offices to screen for scoliosis. During the test, the child bends forward with the feet together and knees straight while dangling the arms. Any imbalances in the rib cage or other deformities along the back could be a sign of scoliosis.



    Scoliosis may be suspected when one shoulder appears to be higher than the other, there is a curvature in the spine, or the pelvis appears to be tilted. The treatment of scoliosis can involve the use of a brace or surgery. Treatment is determined by the cause of the scoliosis, the size and location of the curve, and the stage of bone growth of the patient.


    One type of treatment for scoliosis is the use of a brace. The brace works by exerting pressure on the back and ribs to push the spine in a straighter position. The brace usually fits snugly around the torso and can come in many styles. In a child who is still growing, bracing is usually recommended to help slow the progression of the curve. The brace is usually worn full-time until the growth of the bones has stopped.



    Depending upon the severity and responsiveness to other treatment surgery may be recommended for the scoliosis. Surgical correction involves correcting the curve (although not all the way) and fusing the bones in the curve together. Bone grafts are laid across the exposed surface of each vertebra. These grafts will regenerate, grow into the bone, and fuse the vertebrae together. The bones are held in place with one or two metal rods held down with hooks and screws, which also helps to support the fusion of the vertebrae.


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    لا نحتاج لمسرح لنتعرف على معنى العذاب فالحياة نفسها تمنحنا فرصا لا تحصى لتعرف عليه Amer Sadaqah/PT

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الثلاثاء يونيو 19, 2018 8:49 am